MACCHU PICCHU (Top 100 Places to visit):-
Macchu Picchu, One of the seven wonders in the world as well as world heritage site of UNESCO. To be found in the Cusco Region,Urubamba Province as well as Machupicchu District in Peru. This 15th century Inca fortress situated on a mountain crests 2,430 meters about sea level. Machu Picchu lies in the southern hemisphere, 13.164 degrees south of the equator it is 80 kilometers (50 miles) northwest of Cusco.
Macchu Picchu Structure built with a technique called “ashlar”. Stones are cut to fit together without mortar. Amazingly, not even a needle can fit in between two stones. Main wonder here, many of the stones that used to build the city weighed more than 50 tons. How did these stones get up the mountain? It is question for all.
This historic city of stone built without the aid of wheels or iron tools. It is also the best example of Inca engineering. More than 600 terraces prevent the city from sliding down the mountain. A water supply system extends over a length of about 1 km and so much scientific tools but no physical evidences. Really amazing! Many archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu constructed as a royal estate of sorts, the presence of elite residences in the northeast sector of the site backing that idea up.
Incas were spiritual, yes; Machu Picchu has a number of structures that would have enhanced the spiritual significance of the site. One of them, the “Temple of the Sun,” has an elliptical design similar to a sun temple found at the Inca capital of Cuzco.
Machu Picchu, declared a Peruvian Historic Sanctuary in 1981 and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. In 2007, Hence Machu Picchu voted one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in a worldwide Internet poll.
There are 2 ways to reach ruins. One is by train from Cuzco, which takes approximately four hours, with a stop at the old Inca site of Ollantaytambo. The other is by trekking along the so-called Inca Trail, which generally takes about four days. Each year there is a race along the Inca Trail, which at 26 miles is very nearly a marathon. The current record is three hours and 26 minutes.