Eastern Himalaya (Top 100 Places to visit):-
Eastern Himalaya is major site of diverse flora and fauna in Asia. It extended from the western part of Kaligandaki Valley in central Nepal to North-East India, southeastern Tibet as well as northwest Yunnan in China. Also including Bhutan southeastern Tibet, and some parts of northern Myanmar.
The glaciers and snow-capped peaks of the eastern Himalayas are the source of numerous Asia’s great rivers, including the Yangtze, Brahmaputra, Yamuna and Ganges. These rivers are the main source of fresh water for drinking, agriculture, industry as well as hydro power projects.
On the basis of Climate the Eastern Himalayas divided into the following regions: arctic, sub-arctic, subtropical, warm tropical and Temperate. The forests of this region are moist, dense, evergreen, semi-evergreen with the majority of Sal and Alpine trees.
The eastern Himalaya is also land of most of highest mountains in world. It has 9 out of 10 highest mountains including highest, Mount Everest.
This region of Eastern Himalayas has its own cultural and sacred value. This is also origin of religion like Buddhism, HINDUSIM and also birth place of BUDDHA.
The Terai arc region of Indo-Nepal border in Eastern Himalaya is full of protected sites. It contains 17 protected areas, including Nepal’s oldest national park Chitwan and India’s first and most famous tiger reserve site, Jim Corbett national park.
Flora And Fauna:-
Eastern Himalaya is home of many different animals like Snow Leopard, Himalayan Wild Yak, Giant Panda, Red panda, Musk deer, Bengal tiger Himalayan Monal, Wild Goat and many more .This is the only area where Bengal tiger and Snow leopard shares habitat.
The entire area of Eastern Himalayas is highly prone to landslides, earthquakes. One can easily see the harsh effect of human activity in this region. Due to which this area is very sensitive for Cloud bursting and unpredictable weather.
Eastern Himalayas are in UNESCO’s world heritage sites. It is one of two biodiversity Hot spot in India with Western Ghats.