BAND-E-AMIR (Top 100 Places to visit):-
Band-e-Amir National Park is Afghanistan’s first national park. It located in Bamyan province. It is a series of 6 deep blue lakes. The lakes are located in the Hindu Kush Mountains of central Afghanistan at about 3000 m of altitude.
Park situated at approximately 75 km to the north-west of the ancient city of Bamyan, close to the town of Yakawlang.
Band-e Gholaman (Lake of the slaves), Band-e Qambar (Lake of Caliph Ali’s slave), Band-e Haibat (Lake of grandiose), Band-e Panir (Lake of cheese), Band-e Pudina (Lake of wild mint) and also Band-e Zulfiqar (Lake of the sword of Ali) are respectively six lakes. Band-e Haibat is the biggest as well as the deepest , with an average depth of approximately 150 meters.
The eye-catching lakes were created by the carbon dioxide rich water. That is drawn from the spring melt-water in the surrounding mountains and came out from faults and cracks in the rocky landscape. This outflow of water percolates slowly through the underlying limestone, dissolving its principal mineral, calcium carbonate.
Over time, the water deposited layers of hardened mineral, which created dams that trap water in increasingly large basins. These dams are usually about 10m high and 3m wide. Water cascades from one lake to the other near travertine terraces serving as massive natural dams between the lakes.
Color of water in lakes is also attractive. The deep blue color of the lakes is due to the clarity of the air as well as the purity of the water. The high mineral content of the lakes also causes the intense and varying colors of the lake waters.
Band e Amir national park is also in UNESCO World heritage list. The Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), played a strategic role in working with Afghanistan’s citizens and agencies to open the park.